Thursday, September 2, 2010

super bug

Superbug has started showing its dangerous effects!! Now, it has become a major concern area with a threat that it has strong positive potentials for further dissemination in the country.
A drug resistant ‘Superbug’ which has been originated from South Asia, has put a Belgian man to death. He has become the first person to die from this drug resistant.
This man was taking treatment since June in AZ VUB hospital in Brussels, where a microbiologist named Denis Pierard said that the victim was infected by the bacteria while being treated in a hospital in Pakistan.
One of the doctor also said that though he was given a powerful antibiotic, Colistin, still it lead to the death of the patient. So, one can just imagine how harmful and dangerous is its impact?
“He was involved in a car accident during a trip to Pakistan. He was hospitalized with a major leg injury and then repatriated to Belgium, but he was already infected,” said the doctor.
Another expert said,” A second Belgian picked up the bug after being hospitalized after an accident during a trip to his native Montenegro, but recovered following treatment back in Belgium in July.”
“The epicenter of the presence of this bacterium seems to be India and Pakistan, but it appears through contact and travel, its spread is becoming wider,” Youri Glupczynski, a bacteriologist from the University of Leuven, told AFP.
As per the reports of Belgian TV channel RTBF this report of superbug comes up as the second reported case of bacteria in the country this year.
A very famous British medical journal The Lancet presented in his report that bacteria imbibing the ATM-1 gene had been found in 37 Britons who had received medical treatment in South Asia, while three cases have been reported in Australia.
The ATM-1 gene present in the superbug renders high levels of resistance to almost all antibiotics in intestinal bacteria that cause pneumonia and urinary infections. This is just unbelievable that how horrifying one thing could be!!
In an article published in The Lancet, scientists warned that the “drug-resistant bacteria and its worldwide spread could herald a period in which antibiotics become redundant”.
One of the other reports also threatened everyone by saying that health tourists visiting South Asia risked infection and admonished that the superbug could disseminate quickly resulting in a furious response from India.
The first superbug named New Delhi metallo-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) – i.e. a bacterial gene was first identified last year in a Swedish patient admitted to hospital in India.
“To link this with the safety of surgery in hospitals in India and citing isolated examples to show that… India is not a safe place to visit, is wrong,” India’s health ministry said.
The researchers, who were working on it, had already warned about this superbug in the month of March. Is this not surprising that despite of so prior warning, no measure were taken????
What should one call it as something natural or a complete note of carelessness??
About 24 infection cases were studied by researchers from the private Hinduja hospital in Mumbai between August and November last year in which it was also revealed that they had found 22 incidences of bacteria that produced NDM-1.
Australia has also not remained unaffected with the harmful effect of this superbug as three people have been found infected who had travelled to India with the purpose of surgery.
The head of infectious diseases department in Canberra’s hospital named Peter Collignon said the cases – including one patient who had plastic surgery in Mumbai – were just the “tip of the iceberg”.
“We found this multi-resistant, untreatable bug in their urine, luckily not causing too many problems to that person. But it’s a real problem if it spreads to others,” he said. “The germ we had was untreatable – there were no drugs we had that could treat it.”
Professor Collignon also stated that one of the patients whose plastic surgery went wrong also caught the bug in intensive care in an Indian hospital.
But he said another picked up their bug in the general community, indicating the problem could be more extensive.
“There are likely to be more because what you’re picking up in hospitals is just the tip of the iceberg,” he said. “It probably is killing lots of people but it happens in the developing world and there’s no way of measuring it.”
The other great news coming up because of this superbug death case is Australia is denying sending its players and high officials to Indian for CWG event which is equally a matter of great concern as looking at the situation one cannot even convey them the words of safety & protection.
No one can say that what amount of destruction and loss to human life is expected out of all thi
London: British doctors confirm that they have treated patients those who have been exposed to superbug after having surgery in India. Scientists showed concern over this bug for they could soon spread around the world.
The newly surfaced 'superbug' that is resistant to all antibiotics is believed to have originated in India.
The gene superbug was named as New Delhi Metallo-Beta Lactamase(NDM-1) and scientists say that they have developed nothing now to combat it. The NDM -1 gene made bacteria is highly resistant to all antibiotics and even to the super antibiotic carbapenems. It is stated that this virulent strain of drug-resistant bacteria has killed two people so far and 18 other patients are seriously ill in the last one year.
David Livemore of the health protection agency in Britain who co-authored the research said that this NDM-1 is going to be a serious and worse problem in the future and its spread would become an endemic world wide. This forecast is clear and frightening, he added.
Timothy R.Walsh, of Wales Cardiff University said that this superbug were not seen in India but now they occupy about 1 to 4 per cent of the gut bacteria population.
John McConnell of the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases told that this problem of antibiotic resistance will progress within UK hospitals and nothing could be done to this problem at this moment.
Superbug: possible threats
British doctors have confirmed that they have treated patients exposed to 'superbug' after having surgeries like cosmetic treatments and organ transplants in the Indian sub-continent.
Scientists also warned that the superbug or NDM-1, could spread worldwide, because nothing has been developed to combat it, reported the Daily Mail.
NDM-1 gene makes bacteria highly resistant to almost all antibiotics, including the most powerful class of antibiotics called carbapenems.
Dr David Livermore  said, “This is important because carbapenems were often the last 'good' antibiotics active against bacteria that already were more resistant to more standard drugs.”
According to the latest figures, the virulent strain of drug-resistant bacteria has killed two people and left 18 others seriously ill in 12 months.

Delhi Says Conspiracy Against India

The linking of the antibiotics-resistant 'superbug' to India has sprung Indian government into action.
The government has expressed surprise at scientists in the UK linking the superbug to India. Government sources said the health ministry is drafting a reply to an alert issued by UK about the bug.
 The National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), a nodal agency under the health ministry, was meeting on Thursday to discuss the crisis.
Former health minister C.P. Thakur said the superbug theory was a "conspiracy" against India. "It's is not as if people coming here for treatment will go back with this infection. These are all unscientific claims. Because of the medical tourism boom, this could be an attempt to defame the country," Thakur said.
The superbug carries the scientific name of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase or NDM-1. Its threat has engulfed India as well, with NDM-1 being found in over 100 patients across a dozen cities. Agencies


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